What to see in Zanzibar, attractions and places to visit in this archipelago in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Tanzania.
The archipelago consists of main island Unguja, usually called Zanzibar, Pemba island and 50 smaller islands. Zanzibar, known as the island of spices and perfumes, has been concerned since ancient times by migration flows from Africa, Arabia, Persia, India and Europe, it has been the focus of major exchanges commercial and underwent various colonial occupations. As early as 200 BC began trade with Arabia and some areas of the east coast of Africa.
During the Persian rule, between the tenth century and the sixteenth century, Zanzibar became a very important center for the slave trade, ivory and spices. Unfortunately the slave trade continued in the following centuries. The market was in the ancient Stone Town, the best slaves were sold to the highest bidder, while the weakest were killed.
In 1503 the Portuguese arrived and began fighting for control of the archipelago, which lasted until the eighteenth century when there was the transfer of power to the Omani Arabs, which remained there until the second half of the nineteenth century. This was the period when the island reached its peak, the sultan established his residence and encouraged the immigration of Indian craftsmen who made the beautiful decorations in the city.
From 1890 to 1964 Zanzibar was under British rule that was opposed to the slave trade. In 1964 was proclaimed the Republic of Zanzibar who, after many struggles, he joined the state of Tanganiga giving life to Tanzania. The capital of Zanzibar, located on the island of Unguja, has an interesting historic Stone Town which, bringing together a wide variety of styles, including Moorish, Persian, Arab, Indian and colonial European, has been declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco for its historical importance and its architecture. The name Zanzibar is of Arabic origin and comes from the combination of two words meaning “Land of the Blacks”.