Zimbabwe: tour guide, things to know, travel tips
Zimbabwe travel guide with all the things to know to organize your holidays in this southern African country.
- Capital: Harare
- Surface area in square kilometers: 390.757
- Population: 13.3 million
- Religion: 25% Christian, 24% traditional religions, 50% Christianity fused with traditional religions, 1% Muslims
Where is Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe, until 1980 called Rhodesia, is a country in South America, bordered to the north with Zambia to the north and to the east by Mozambique, on the south by South Africa, on the west by Botswana. Not landlocked. The territory consists of a series of plateaus that descend to the valleys of the Zambezi in the north and south of the Limpopo, where the average altitude is about 1000-1500 meters above sea level. The reliefs are lined with higher trend southwest-northeast, and near the eastern border with Mount Nyangani reach the 2597 meters above sea level. To the north towards the Zambezi valley and south to the valley of the Limpopo the altitude is less than 700 meters above sea level. The territory is mostly covered by savannas, the few tropical forests are located in the eastern part of the country. At the center of Zimbabwe, for about 500 km. From north to south, it stretches the Great Dyke, a set of ancient volcanic rocks very rich in mineral deposits.
The main streams of Zimbabwe are the Zambezi River, which marks the border with Zambia, and the Limpopo River that flows on the border with South Africa. Along its course, the Zambezi forms the spectacular Victoria Falls, and the Kariba artificial lake. The Victoria Falls, UNESCO World Heritage Site, are a major tourist attraction both for Zambia, which for Zimbabwe. The falls are part of two national parks, the Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park in Zambia and Victoria Falls National Park in Zimbabwe.
The climate of Zimbabwe is tropical. The seasons are determined by rainfalls and are divided into four periods: the rainy season, post-season rains, cool season and warm season. The rainy season runs from November to March, then follows a period that lasts until mid-May when the weather becomes increasingly sunny, with dry winds and cool (maximum temperatures between 23 ° and 31 ° C). From mid-May to mid-August, the season is cool and dry. Daytime temperatures range between 20°/29° C and the minimum at times of 4°/12° C. The most arid region and the southwestern part of the country. Between mid-August and September, the days begin to get longer and the temperatures to rise. Generally, higher temperatures are reached between late October and early November, with highs between 26 ° and 35 ° C. In this period there are often strong storms.
The majority of the population consists of Bantu ethnicity Shona, Ndebele ethnicity followed by other African ethnic groups, and by mixed Asian and white, mostly of Anglo-Saxon origin.
UTC/GMT +2 hours
English is the official language of Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe until the 1980s compared to many other African states, had a structure developed economy based on mining and agriculture planting, areas controlled by the white minority or multinational companies. The country was the richest of central Africa, but despite having a lot of potential, since the mid-90s entered a recession caused by the political regime and problems of various kinds, which have brought the country’s economy on the pavement. The level of poverty has increased, the health system has collapsed, and shortages of food, money, fuel, consumer goods and medicines, caused a heavy humanitarian emergency.
When to go to Zimbabwe
The best time to visit Zimbabwe from May to mid-October.
Passport valid for at least 6 months.
Tourist Visa is required for several nationalities
Calling Code: 00263
Electricity Supply is 220 V 50 Hz.
The Zimbabwean dollar was the official currency of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 12 April 2009
because of hyperinflation no longer printed and coined by the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe.
Convertible currencies such as the South African Rand, Botswana Pula, British Pound, Euro, and the US Dollar are now used for all transactions in Zimbabwe.